The following topics were discussed at the Conference: technology, regulatory issues, transfer of care and custody, closure risks and liability, financing, insurance, social responsibility, community engagement and sustainable development.
Mine closure has become a very urgent and pressing requirement throughout the mining countries of South America. Recent legislation and requirements introduced in Peru, Chile and Brazil have changed the closure landscape in South America. Peru is about 2 years into application of closure legislation and initial closure plans have been filed for review. On November 22, 2012, the Supreme Decree 41 of the Chilean Ministry of Mining was published in the Official Register approving Law 20.551, which regulates mine closure for mine sites and installations. Closure legislation has recently been passed in Minas Gerais state of Brazil. Mining is also increasing in Argentina and Colombia.
South America is playing catch up with countries such as the US, Canada and Australia in developing and introducing closure planning and financial assurance for mines. This conference brought together the mutual interests of those needing and supplying mine closure technology and support with those providing governance for mine closure and review of closure application. Mine closure is a multi-disciplinary activity drawing upon many engineering, scientific, legal and social professions.